Vaastu Shastra in modern architecture & construction
Vaastu Shastra is a traditional science of architecture and construction, whose provenance can be traced back to nearly 5000 years. Its concepts were first introduced in the Atharvaveda and its mention can also be found in other ancient Indian scriptures like the Mahabharata and Ramayana. This traditional system is a collection of ideas and concepts that describes the theories of design, layout, dimensions, ground preparation, space arrangement and spatial geometry based on the rays of the sun, gravitational force, magnetic power, geographical conditions, directions and the five elements (Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space). The application of these theories and principles can be noticed in ancient buildings and monuments.
From the ancient times, the most complete system of Vaastu shastra has made its way into the modern world and has witnessed rising popularity not only in India, but also in other countries of the world like the U.S, U.K, Germany and Australia. The reason behind its popularity is the need for peace and harmony due to which, Vaastu principles are adapted in home construction for good health, wealth and happiness in life.
Vaastu establishes a connection between the physical environment and quality of life and this wisdom has led to a revolution in the current construction industry. People are aware of the benefits of living in the Vaastu-compliant houses and hence, modern-day architects and developers are adopting this ancient and widely-accepted practice in their designs. This Vedic wisdom has also gained acceptance across the world with thousands of books being published on the concept and by becoming a part of the curriculum of modern architecture and construction institutes.
Modern application of Vaastu Shastra
Vaastu Shastra in contemporary times is not entirely different from the one that was practised in the ancient age. However, it has been modified and its approach has changed, according to the present-day needs. Nevertheless, the central idea of the modern-day Vaastu-compliant architectural construction remains the same, which has descended from the Vedic sutras.
The two main components of the updated Vaastu are the shape of structures and directions. Shapes/ configurations can be a rectangular plot, square plot, bar-shaped plot, wheel-shaped plot, among other shape configurations. The directions are Eesanya - North East (water), Vayuvya – North West (Air), Agneya – South East (Fire), and Nyruthi – South West (Earth). In addition to these components, it involves 12 principles used while planning a structure, which are aspect, prospect, privacy, furniture requirement, roominess, grouping, circulation, sanitation, flexibility, elegance, economy, and other practical considerations.
Though initially Vaastu Shastra was created for temples, with time, people started applying it in their home construction designs. Later, its principles started being used in the design and construction of offices, hospitals, industries, schools and colleges to remarkable ends. Today, this unique yet ancient wisdom of directions and elements is being applied in designing and building vehicles, gardens, agricultural farms and even business cards!